Despite this substantial increase in the use of new media, like the Internet, the researches show that the use of traditional media like television is not significantly affected. The users and non-users of the Internet differ little in the aspect of the time they pass in front of the small screen. They are in fact normal viewers who find the means of devoting time to the conventional medium of television, despite the fact that choose to spend time online.
The researchers come to the following conclusion regarding new media broadcasting: people benefit from the high availability of broadband services. A growing number of people use the Internet to watch videos. More and more watch TV popular shows online because of the convenience of Internet TV. But the percentage of those who watch television in a typical week, including television program clips, are still increasing.
In sum, what remains important to remember from all the conclusions of these researches, the number of hours devoted to television, the Internet and new media, is that the use of new media seems to have been added to all entertainment activities rather than replacing a particular one, such as listening to television, for example.
Nevertheless, the breakthrough of the Internet and new media remains undeniable and even dazzling. However, let’s first look at the evolution of television, the opportunities it creates and its influence on society.
The influence of television on children’s behavior and reading
Television, since its democratization in the years 1970-1980, is the object many researches especially concerning TV influence on the development of the child. It is then, most often, the object of all blame as I could notice during my readings. Thus, research conducted say that exposure of young children in front of the television reduces the development of their intellectual capacities.
However, it seems that despite the democratization of the internet and the enthusiasm for video games and Internet, the success of television does not abate. The associations specialized in media and media education by collecting data on television in children, adds that a primary schoolboy passes on average 956 hours per year in front of television compared to 864 hours in class. Moreover, it is conceivable that some parents of students also make the choice of television. Approximately 42% of the population between twenty five and thirty nine years spend on average between two and four hours a day in front of the television where 41% of this same population admitted to read no books for years. So television is a leisure that takes time. Here rises a question of TV influence on people, especially young children.
Is television effectively a brake on reading?
Let’s see how the process of TV influence goes:
· We can imagine that children who watch a lot of television do not have time to read.
· The less they read and the less comfortable they are with the act of reading.
· The less comfortable they are in reading, the more they take refuge in television.
This representation of the process is rather simple, logical, but has the defect of not not bother with complicated tools and methods. However, if so many research exists, it seems possible that the subject is more complex. The reading is a priority mission of the primary school and the teacher must allow students to become an expert and autonomous reader.
It seems important to know if, as a teacher has to deal with the television as an obstacle that would come to block these objectives of learning or if on the contrary this negative representation of television is unfounded.
In this respect several questions arise:
· But what is reading?
· How is the book so different from television?
· Why these two practices can not provide the same pleasures and knowledge which, after all, would be complementary.
· Moreover, the can television make you want to read and become a valuable ally?
Research on influence of TV on modern life
Several television and family life research of the presence of TV in modern life have focused on easily quantifiable data and behaviors objectively observable members of the family:
· TV equipment and other modern screens,
· time spent on television,
· the choice of programs,
· the type of watching (individual or collective),
· the rules parents make with regard to the use of television,
· the spaces of the family home attributed to the television activity.
Interests are also focused on family interactions relating to television programs and the use of television, and parents’ knowledge of the programs watched by children.
The vast question of the influence of television on family life, more difficult to apprehend, remains quite important. In addition to the effects of television on psycho-emotional development, on the psychic life and on the lived unconscious family members, this influence can also be manifest at the level of the family ties that it modifies.